The Second Amendment protects the right to own and carry firearms. The text of the amendment refers to a “well regulated militia” and “the people.” This has led to much debate as to whether the Founders granted this freedom to all citizens, or just citizen-soldiers. The Supreme Court has decided that this right applies to most Americans. Gun control laws are the responsibility of the individual states.
The text of this amendment reads, “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”