7. Andrew Jackson

The Periodic Table of the Presidents - Andrew Jackson   Andrew Jackson Official Portrait - The Periodic Table of the Presidents


“Old Hickory”


Presidential Basics

  • Full name: Andrew Jackson
  • Years in office: 1829–1837
  • Political party: Democratic
  • Vice presidents: John C. Calhoun (first term), Martin Van Buren (second term)
  • Age at inauguration: 61
  • Nicknames: “Old Hickory,” “Sharp Knife,” “King Andrew the First”

Random Trivia

  • Log cabin: Jackson as the first president born in a log cabin.

 


Birth & Death

  • Birthday: March 15, 1767
  • Birthplace: Waxhaws, South Carolina
  • Death date: June 8, 1845
  • Place of death: Nashville, Tennessee
  • Place of burial: The Hermitage in Nashville, Tennessee

Family

  • Father: Andrew Jackson (–1767); Linen weaver, farmer
  • Mother: Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson (–1781)
  • Wife: Rachel Donelson Robards (1767–1828)
  • Marriage: August 1, 1791 in Mississippi
  • Kids: No biological children
    • Andrew Jackson, Jr. (adopted) (1808–1865)
  • Home: The Hermitage in Nashville, Tennessee

Other Facts

  • Height: 6’
  • Eye color: Blue
  • Ancestry: Scotch-Irish
  • Religion: Presbyterian
  • Born in a log cabin: Yes (first president)
  • Owned enslaved people: Yes
  • Freemason: Yes


Education

  • Early education: Self-educated, public schools, studied law in South Carolina
  • College degree: No

Career

  • Military Service: Yes
  • Lawyer: Yes
  • Messenger in Revolutionary War (1780–1781)
  • Lawyer (1787–)
  • U.S. House of Representatives (1797)
  • U.S. Senate (1797–1798)
  • Justice of Tennessee Supreme Court (1798–1804)
  • Major General in the War of 1812 (1812-1815)
  • Commander of U.S. Forces in Seminole War (1817–1818)
  • Governor of Florida Territory (1821)
  • U.S. Senate (1823–1825)
  • Seventh president (1829–1837)

Writings

  • Correspondence of Andrew Jackson

Elections

Old Hickory would become the first westerner to reach the White House in the election of 1828.  Jackson won this rematch with John Quincy Adams, again winning the popular vote, but this time gaining the necessary majority of electoral votes.

It was a campaign full of hateful mudslinging, one that possibly led to the death of Jackson’s wife, Rachel. This election also saw an increase in the electorate as more white, male Americans were enfranchised.

 

 

The Hero of New Orleans again parlayed his immense popularity into an election win in 1832.

Running against National Republican (later Whig) candidate Henry Clay, Jackson’s opposition of a national bank was accepted by voters.  He won easily with 219 electoral votes to Clay’s 49.

 


Campaign Poster

Genl. Andrew Jackson: Protector & Defender of Beauty & Booty, engraving by C. G. Childs, 1828 (Library of Congress)

 


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