24. Grover Cleveland

The Periodic Table of the Presidents - Grover Cleveland 24  Grover Cleveland Official Portrait - The Periodic Table of the Presidents


“Uncle Jumbo”


Presidential Basics

  • Full name: Stephen Grover Cleveland
  • Years in office: 1885–1889 (first term); 1893–1897 (second term)
  • Political party: Democratic
  • Vice president: Thomas A. Hendricks (first term); Adlai E. Stevenson (second term)
  • Age at inauguration: 47 (first term), 55 (second term)
  • Nicknames: “Uncle Jumbo,” “Big Steve,” “Buffalo Hangman,” “His Obstinacy”

Random Trivia

  • Two (split) terms: Cleveland is the only president to serve two non-consecutive terms.
  • Predicting the future:  After Cleveland lost the election of 1888, Mrs. Cleveland reportedly told the White House staff to keep the house nice, as they would be returning in four years.  She was right.

Birth & Death

  • Birthday: March 18, 1837
  • Birthplace: Caldwell, New Jersey
  • Death: June 24, 1908
  • Place of death: Princeton, New Jersey
  • Place of burial: Princeton, New Jersey
  • Last words: “I have tried so hard to do right.”

Family

  • Father: Richard Falley Cleveland (1804–1853); Minister
  • Mother: Ann Neal Cleveland (1806 –1882)
  • Wife: Frances Folsom (1864 – 1947)
  • Marriage: June 2, 1886 in Washington, D.C.
  • Kids: Five
    • Ruth (1891–1904)
    • Esther (1893–1980)
    • Marion (1895–1977)
    • Richard Folsom (1897–1974)
    • Francis Grover (1903–1955)
  • Home: Westland in Princeton, New Jersey

Other Facts

  • Height: 5’11”
  • Eye color: Blue
  • Ancestry: Irish-English
  • Religion: Presbyterian
  • Born in a log cabin: No
  • Owned enslaved people: No
  • Freemason: No

Education

  • Early education: Public Schools
  • College degree: No

Career

  • Military Service: No
  • Lawyer: Yes
  • Lawyer (1859–)
  • Assistant District Attorney of Erie County, New York (1863–1865)
  • Sheriff of Erie County (1870–1873)
  • Mayor of Buffalo (1882)
  • Governor of New York (1883–1885)
  • President (1885–1889); (1893–1897)


Writings

  • Presidential Problems

Election

 

The election of 1892 was a rematch of 1888, but with different results. The Populist party emerged during this election, focused on a strong currency and farmers’ protections.  And the Republicans had lost some favor among Americans with high tariffs that led to higher prices. In 1892, Cleveland again won the popular vote, but this time he also won in the electoral college.  His win makes him the only president to serve two non-consecutive terms.


Campaign Poster

For President, Grover Cleveland.  For Vice-President, Adlai E. Stevenson, lithograph by Courier Lith. Co., 1892. (Library of Congress)

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