19. Rutherford B. Hayes

The Periodic Table of the Presidents - Rutherford B. Hayes  Rutherford B. Hayes Official Portrait - The Periodic Table of the Presidents

“His Fraudulency”

Presidential Basics

  • Full name: Rutherford Birchard Hayes
  • Years in office: 1877–1881
  • Political party: Republican
  • Vice president: William A. Wheeler
  • Age at inauguration: 54
  • Nicknames: “His Fraudulency,” “Dark-Horse President,” “Rutherfraud,” “Granny Hayes”

Random Trivia

  • Too close to call: Hayes lost the popular vote, but won in the electoral college by just one vote.

Birth & Death

  • Birthday: October 4, 1822
  • Birthplace: Delaware, Ohio
  • Death: January 17, 1893
  • Place of death: Fremont, Ohio
  • Place of burial: Spiegel Grove State Park in Fremont, Ohio
  • Last words: “I know I am going where Lucy is.”


  • Father: Rutherford Hayes (1787–1822); Storeowner
  • Mother: Sophia Birchard Hayes (1792–1866)
  • Wife: Lucy Ware Webb (1831 – 1889)
  • Marriage: December 30, 1852 in Ohio
  • Kids: Seven
    • Birchard Austin (1853–1926)
    • James Webb Cook (1856–1934)
    • Rutherford Platt (1858–1927)
    • Joseph Thompson (1861–1863)
    • George Crook (1864–1866)
    • Fanny (1867–1950); Scott Russell (1871–1923)
    • Manning Force (1873–1874)
  • Home: Spiegel Grove in Fremont, Ohio

Other Facts

  • Height: 5’8”
  • Eye color: Blue
  • Ancestry: English
  • Religion: Methodist
  • Born in a log cabin: No
  • Owned enslaved people: No
  • Freemason: No


  • Early education: Academy at Norwalk, Ohio; Isaac Webb’s school at Middletown, Connecticut
  • College degree: Yes
  • College: Kenyon College (graduated with B.A. 1842); Harvard Law School (graduated 1845)


  • Military Service: Yes
  • Lawyer: Yes
  • Lawyer (1845–)
  • City Attorney of Cincinnati (1858–1860)
  • Officer in Civil War (1861–1864)
  • Major General in Civil War (1864–1865)
  • Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1865–1867)
  • Governor of Ohio (1868–1872; 1876–1877)
  • President (1877–1881)
  • Philanthropist
  • President of the National Prison Association


  • Diary and Letters


Between an economic depression and corruption in the Grant administration, the Republican party was struggling. Hayes ran against a popular New York governor, Samuel Tilden.  As the election results came in, Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina had no clear winner.  Both candidates claimed to have won those states.  A special election commission was assembled to determine the results of the election.

The commission awarded all three states to Hayes (possibly because of promises to remove remaining federal troops in the south).  Hayes won the election by one electoral vote, even though Tilden had roughly 250,000 more popular votes.


Campaign Poster

National Republican Chart 1876, lithograph published by H. H. Lloyd & Co., c. 1876 (Library of Congress)



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