Fifth Amendment

The focus of the Fifth Amendment is “due process of law.”  This phrase means that the government and courts must act fairly by following rules and established procedures.  In essence, this amendment protects the accused from harassment by both the government and the court system.

The text of this amendment reads, “No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.”

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