The Third Amendment defines the relationship between citizens and the military. It says that private citizens don’t have to provide housing for members of the armed forces. The basis for this right comes from our days prior to the Revolutionary War, when colonists were expected to provide living quarters to the English soldiers. Today, this amendment is rarely tested in the courts. In fact, the Supreme Court has never ruled on a case involving the Third Amendment.
The text of this amendment reads, “No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.”