26. Theodore Roosevelt

The Periodic Table of the Presidents - Theodore Roosevelt  Theodore Roosevelt Official Portrait - The Periodic Table of the Presidents


  • Full Name: Theodore Roosevelt
  • Years in Office: 1901–1909
  • Political Party: Republican; Progressive Party (1912)
  • Nicknames: “TR,” “Teddy,” “Trust-Buster,” “Hero of San Juan Hill,” “The Bull Moose”
  • Age at Inauguration: 42
  • Vice Presidents: None (term following McKinley’s assassination), Charles W. Fairbanks (elected term)
  • Birth: October 27, 1858 in New York City, New York
  • Death: January 6, 1919 in Oyster Bay, New York
  • Place of Burial: Sagamore Hill – Oyster Bay, New York
  • Height: 5’8”
  • Ancestry: Dutch, Scotch, English, Huguenot
  • Father: Theodore Roosevelt (1831–1878); Glass importer, merchant, banker
  • Mother: Martha Bulloch Roosevelt (1834–1884)
  • First Wife: Alice Hathaway Lee (July 29, 1861 – February 14, 1884)
  • First Marriage: October 27, 1880 in Brookline, Massachusetts
  • Second Wife: Edith Kermit Carow (August 6, 1861 – September 30, 1948)
  • Second Marriage: December 2, 1886 in London, England
  • Children:
    • From First Wife: Alice Lee (1884–1980)
    • From Second Wife: Theodore Jr. (1887–1944); Kermit (1889–1943); Ethel Carow (1891–1977); Archibald Bulloch (1894–1979); Quentin (1897–1918)
  • Home: Sagamore Hill – Oyster Bay, New York
  • Education: Private tutoring; B.A. from Harvard (1880); studied law at Columbia Law School
  • Religious Affiliation: Dutch Reformed; Episcopalian
  • Military Service: Yes
  • Career
    • Writer
    • Historian
    • Member of New York Assembly (1882–1884)
    • Rancher, North Dakota (1884–1886)
    • Member of U.S. Civil Service Commission (1889–1895)
    • President of New York City Police Board (1895–1897)
    • Assistant Secretary of the Navy: McKinley administration (1897–1898)
    • Colonel of Rough Riders (1898)
    • Governor of New York (1898–1900)
    • Vice President: McKinley administration (1901)
    • President (1901–1909)
    • Leader of Expeditions in Africa (1909–1910)
    • Leader of Expeditions in South America (1913 – 1914)
  • Writings: The Naval War of 1812; The Winning of the West; African Game Trails; Autobiography; America and the World War; The Strenuous Life

Spotlight Artifact

The Teddy Bear (around 1903)

Teddy Bear - Smithsonian

Drawing the Line in Mississippi by Clifford Berryman (1902) LOC

In 1902 President Theodore Roosevelt traveled to Mississippi and Louisiana on a hunting expedition. While on the trip, the president refused to shoot a captured bear. A political cartoonist from the Washington Post named Clifford Berryman used the story in his drawings. Berryman’s cartoons inspired Morris Michtom to create a toy based on the event. Michtom’s “Teddy” bear became a favorite toy of the time and still bears the president’s name today.

Images & Sources:

Teddy Bear – Smithsonian National Museum of American History

“Drawing the Line in Mississippi” by Clifford Berryman (1902) – Library of Congress


Campaign Poster


For President, Theodore Roosevelt, lithograph published by Roesch (Louis) Co., 1904

(Library of Congress)













Previous: William McKinley  25 - Wm       PTOTP Home Button - Black Border       27 - Wht  Next: William Howard Taft

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