6The Early 21st Century period began with the controversial election of 2000, in which the Supreme Court ended a recount in Florida. As a result, George W. Bush was declared the winner of the election. The U.S. faced the worst terror attack since Pearl Harbor with the September 11 attacks, leading to a war on terrorism at home and abroad. Our country fought wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. History was made when Barack Obama became the first African American president. In 2016, billionaire businessman, Donald Trump, defeated Hillary Clinton – the first female presidential candidate for a major political party.