17. Andrew Johnson

The Periodic Table of the Presidents - Andrew Johnson  Andrew Johnson Official Portrait - The Periodic Table of the Presidents


“The Tennessee Tailor”


Presidential Basics

  • Full name: Andrew Johnson
  • Years in office: 1865–1869
  • Political party: Democratic
  • Vice president: None (following Lincoln’s assassination)
  • Age at inauguration: 56
  • Nickname: “Tennessee Tailor,” “King Andy,” “Sir Veto”

Random Trivia

  • Under the surface: Johnson’s home was occupied by Confederate soldiers during the Civil War.  The walls, covered with graffiti, were wallpapered to hide this stay.

Birth & Death

  • Birthday: December 29, 1808
  • Birthplace: Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Death date: July 31, 1875
  • Place of death: Carter County, Tennessee
  • Place of burial: Andrew Johnson National Cemetery in Greenville, Tennessee
  • Last words: “Oh, do not cry. Be good children and we shall meet in heaven.”

Family

  • Father: Jacob Johnson (1778–1812); Handyman, sexton
  • Mother: Mary McDonough Johnson (1782–1856)
  • Wife: Eliza McCardle (October 4, 1810 – January 15, 1876)
  • Marriage: December 17, 1827 in Greenville, Tennessee
  • Kids: 
    • Martha (1828–1901)
    • Charles (1830–1863)
    • Mary (1832–1883)
    • Robert (1834–1869)
    • Andrew (1852–1879)
  • Home: Greenville, Tennessee

Other Facts

  • Height: 5’10”
  • Eye color: Brown
  • Ancestry: Scotch-Irish, English
  • Religion: None
  • Born in a log cabin: Yes
  • Owned enslaved people: Yes
  • Freemason: Yes

Education

  • Early education: Self-educated; tutored by his wife
  • College degree: No

Career

  • Military Service: Yes
  • Lawyer: No
  • Tailor (1826–)
  • Mayor of Greenville (1830–1833)
  • Member of Tennessee Legislature (1835–1843)
  • Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1843–1853)
  • Governor of Tennessee (1853–1857)
  • Member of the U.S. Senate (1857–1862)
  • Military Governor of Tennessee (1862–1865)
  • Vice President: Lincoln administration (1865)
  • President (1865–1869)
  • Member of the U.S. Senate (1875)

Writings

  • Papers of Andrew Johnson

Elections

  • Andrew Johnson was never elected to the presidency.

Quantum Jump


Spotlight Artifact

Impeachment Tickets

Andrew Johnson Impeachment Ticket 3-13-1868Andrew Johnson Impeachment Ticket 4-9-1868Andrew Johnson Impeachment Ticket 5-2-1868

On February 24, 1868 the House of Representatives passed a resolution to impeach President Andrew Johnson of “high crimes and misdemeanors.” In early March the Senate received the articles of impeachment from the House, and the court on impeachment commenced with Supreme Court Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase (Lincoln’s treasury secretary and the man on the $10,000 bill) as the presiding officer.

President Johnson’s impeachment trial lasted almost two months. During each day of the trial, a packed gallery of ticket holders watched the drama unfold in the Senate chamber of the U.S. Capitol Building. By May 16, 1868, the first vote was taken. The Senate voted 35 – 19 to remove President Johnson from office, falling one vote short of the necessary two-thirds majority. Although President Johnson was impeached, he was not removed from office.

The impeachment trial of President Johnson was a first in American history, and as a result, attendance had to be limited to ticket holders. According to the National Park Service, tickets were issued each day by the following allotment:

  • 4 to each senator
  • 4 to the Chief Justice
  • 4 to the Speaker of the House
  • 2 to each representative
  • 2 to each associate justice of the Supreme Court
  • 2 to the Chief Justice of the District of Columbia
  • 2 to associate judges of D.C.
  • 2 to Chief Justices of the Court of Claims
  • 2 to each Cabinet member
  • 2 to the general commanding the army
  • 20 to the President
  • 60 to the President pro tempore of the Senate for reporters
  • The rest of the tickets were distributed to the senators.

 


Campaign Poster

 

Grand National Union Banner for 1864. Liberty, Union and Victory, lithograph published by Currier & Ives, c. 1864

(Library of Congress)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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