6. John Quincy Adams

The Periodic Table of the Presidents - John Quincy Adams  John Quincy Adams Official Portrait - The Periodic Table of the Presidents


“Old Man Eloquent”


Presidential Basics

  • Full name: John Quincy Adams
  • Years in office: 1825–1829
  • Political party: Democratic-Republican
  • Vice president: John C. Calhoun
  • Age at inauguration: 57
  • Nicknames: “Old Man Eloquent,” “Accidental President”

Random Trivia

  • Congressman after president: John Quincy Adams is the only president to serve in the House of Representatives (1831-1848) after his presidency.
  • Amistad: As a lawyer appearing before the U.S. Supreme Court, Adams successfully defended the freedom of Africans aboard the Amistad slave ship.

Birth & Death

  • Birthday: July 11, 1767
  • Birthplace: Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts
  • Death date: February 23, 1848
  • Place of death: Washington, D.C.
  • Place of burial: First Unitarian Church in Quincy, Massachusetts


Family

  • Father: John Adams (1735–1826); Lawyer, Vice President, President
  • Mother: Abigail Smith Adams (1744 –1818)
  • Wife: Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775-1852)
  • Marriage: July 26, 1797 in London, England
  • Kids: Four
    • George Washington (1801–1829)
    • John (1803–1834)
    • Charles Francis (1807–1886)
    • Louisa Catherine (1811–1812)
  • Home: Peacefield in Quincy, Massachusetts

Other Facts

  • Height: 5’7”
  • Eye color: Dark brown
  • Ancestry: English
  • Religion: Unitarian
  • Born in a log cabin: No
  • Owned enslaved people: No
  • Freemason: No

Education

  • Early education: Studied in Paris, Amsterdam, Leyden, and the Hague
  • College degree: Yes
  • College: Harvard (graduated in 1787)

Career

  • Military service: No
  • Lawyer: Yes
  • Secretary to U.S. Minister to Russia (1781)
  • Lawyer (1791–)
  • Minister to Netherlands (1794)
  • Minister to Berlin (1797–1801)
  • U.S. Senator (1803–1808)
  • Minister to Russia (1809–1811)
  • Peace Commissioner at Ghent (1814)
  • Secretary of State: Monroe administration (1817–1825)
  • President (1825–1829)
  • House of Representatives (1831–1848)
  • Writer

 


Writings

  • Memoirs
  • Writings of John Quincy Adams

 


 Election

John Quincy Adams won the 1824 election – the first election in which the popular vote was counted.  All candidates were basically from the same political party, the Democratic-Republicans.  No candidate received a majority of the electoral votes, so the House of Representatives decided the election.  Adams won; Jackson called it a corrupt bargain.


Spotlight Artifact

Sotheby’s

1843 Daguerreotype of John Quincy Adams

As a member of the House of Representatives, John Quincy Adams sat for a photographer in New York in March 1843.  According to the New York Times, this is the oldest known photograph (technically daguerreotype) of a president.


John Quincy Adams’s Home

John Quincy Adams's House - Peacefield

Peacefield, photo by PJ Creek

Peacefield’s website


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