3. Thomas Jefferson

The Periodic Table of the Presidents - Tj  Thomas Jefferson Official Portrait - The Periodic Table of the Presidents

“The Sage of Monticello”

  • Full Name: Thomas Jefferson
  • Years in Office: 1801–1809
  • Political Party: Democratic-Republican
  • Nicknames: “Sage of Monticello,” “Red Fox,” “Philosopher of Democracy”
  • Age at Inauguration: 57
  • Vice President: Aaron Burr (first term), George Clinton (second term)
  • Birth: April 13, 1743 in Goochland (now Albemarle) County, Virginia
  • Death: July 4, 1826, at Monticello – Charlottesville, Virginia
  • Place of Burial: Monticello – Charlottesville, Virginia
  • Height: 6’2”
  • Ancestry: Welsh
  • Father: Peter Jefferson (1708–1757); Planter/surveyor
  • Mother: Jane Randolph Jefferson (1720–1776)
  • Wife: Martha Wayles Skelton (October 19, 1748 – September 6, 1782)
  • Marriage: January 1, 1772 in Charles City County, Virginia
  • Children: Martha (1772–1836); Maria (1778–1804); Lucy Elizabeth (1782–1785); (two other daughters and a son died in infancy)
  • Home: Monticello – Charlottesville, Virginia
  • Education: Private tutoring; attended country school in Albemarle County; received B.A. from College of William and Mary (1762)
  • Religious Affiliation: None
  • Military Service: No
  • Career:
    • Planter
    • Lawyer (1767–)
    • Writer
    • Philosopher
    • Scientist
    • Architect
    • Member of Virginia House of Burgesses (1769–1774)
    • County Lieutenant
    • County Surveyor
    • Member of Continental Congress (1775–1776)
    • Member of Virginia House of Delegates (1776–1779)
    • Governor of Virginia (1779–1781)
    • Member of Continental Congress (1783–1785)
    • Minister to France (1785–1789)
    • Secretary of State: Washington administration (1790–1793)
    • Vice President: John Adams administration (1797–1801)
    • President (1801–1809)
    • Founder of the University of Virginia (1819)
  • Writings: Autobiography; Notes on the State of Virginia;  Public and Private Papers; Addresses; Letters (Library of America)

Thomas Jefferson’s Home

Thomas Jefferson's Monticello - The Periodic Table of the Presidents

Monticello, photo by PJ Creek

Monticello’s Website


Spotlight Artifact

Thomas Jefferson’s Gravestone

Thomas Jefferson Gravestone

Thomas Jefferson was buried at his home estate of Monticello in Charlottesville, Virginia.  Look at the inscription and you’ll notice that Jefferson’s gravestone includes three of his most important accomplishments.  But, where is “Third President of the United States of America?”  Before his death, Thomas Jefferson left specific instructions for a monument to be constructed on his grave site, and nowhere did he mention his time spent in the White House.

Just months after Jefferson wrote the instructions for his gravestone, he passed away on July 4, 1826 – the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.  Jefferson was not alone.  On the same day, in Quincy, Massachusetts, John Adams passed away at the age of ninety.  To read more about this Thomas Jefferson artifact see “What is written on Thomas Jefferson’s gravestone?”





Thomas Jefferson Gravestone







Jefferson - Gravestone - Birth & Death

Jefferson’s gravestone, photos by PJ Creek







Previous:  John Adams         PTOTP Home Button - Black Border       4 - Jma  Next:  James Madison

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